UKRAINE-RUSSIA AND THE CHERNOBYL NUCLEAR POWER PLANT

UKRAINE-RUSSIA AND THE CHERNOBYL NUCLEAR POWER PLANT

 


UKRAINE-RUSSIA AND THE CHERNOBYL NUCLEAR POWER PLANT

The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (Chnpp), Is One Located In Ukraine Demurewith 51°23′22″N 30°05′57″E coordinates. Its Operator is SAUEZM. The plant whose construction began on 15 August, 1972 and commissioned on 26 September 1977, with its decommissioning process ongoing since 2000, is in inactive status.

It has 4 nuclear power station reactors, with reactor type RBMK-1000 and thermal capacity of 12,800 MW. 

Now officially the Vladimir Lenin Nuclear Power Plant, the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (ChNPP), is a closed nuclear power plant situated close to the deserted city of Pripyat in northern Ukraine, measuring 16.5 kilometers (10 mile) northwest of the city of Chernobyl, 16 kilometers (10 mile) from the Belarus around Ukraine border, and close to 100 kilometers (62 mile) north of Kyiv. , Named after Vladimir Lenin, the plant was stimulated by an engineered pond, fed by the Pripyat River near 5 kilometers (3 mile) northwest from its meeting point with the Dnieper.

The Reactor No. 4 was the scene of the Chernobyl disaster in 1986, and the power plant currently within a large exclusive area known as the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone. The zone and the old power plant are both supervised by the State Agency of Ukraine on Exclusion Zone Management. Other three reactors continued to be operational in the aftermath of the accident but were finally shut down by 2000. Although the plant remains in the process of decommissioning as of 2020, nuclear waste clean-up is planned for completion by 2065.

Presently, the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone has become a fertile ground of fighting between Russian and Ukrainian forces during the Battle of Chernobyl on 24 February 2022, as part of the Russian invasion of Ukraine and Russian forces occupied the plant the same day.

With its cooling pond noticeable in the background, The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant is made up of four RBMK-1000 reactors with each able to generating 1,000 megawatts (MW) of electric power (3,200 MW of thermal power), and all four together generates close 10% of Ukraine's electricity at the time of the disaster. 

With its completion of the first reactor in 1977 , reactor No. 2 follwed in 1978, then No. 3 in 1981, and No. 4 in 1983. Addition two  blocks, numbered five and six, of more or less the similar reactor design, were scheduled at a location roughly a kilometer away from the bordering buildings of the four older blocks.The other reactor No. 5 was about 70% finished at the time of block 4's explosion and was planned to come online roughly six months after, on 7 November, 1986. 

Currently, a different contract has been signed with the American firm, Holtec International, to construct a storage building within the exclusion zone for nuclear waste produced by Chernobyl. The facility is named the 'Interim Storage Facility 2' and  will have storage for the 21,297 Spent Fuel assemblies currently at the power plant, that will be packed into approximately 231 waste canisters, and stored in the ISF-2 for 100 years. As at the year 2020, the storage building was finalized, and on 18the November, 2020, the first canister of nuclear waste was packed into the storage region.

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