HISTORY AND CULTURE OF THE PEOPLE OF EBIRA

HISTORY AND CULTURE OF THE PEOPLE OF EBIRA

HISTORY AND CULTURE OF THE PEOPLE OF EBIRA


The Ebira’s are one of the tribes found in Kogi State also known as “The Confluence State”.  Kogi state is called confluence state because River Niger and River Benue joined at its capital, Lokoja. Kogi consists of different tribes such as; Ebira, Igala, Ebira Koto, Bassa, just to name a few. Most Ebira people are from Kogi, Kwara, Nasarrawa and Edo state. Kogi State was created in 1991 by the Former President Ibrahim Babangida and the state had its first Governor in August 28, 1991. The first governor was  Danladi Mohammed Zakari and since he left office, seats has been changed and Kogi State has been ruled over the years mostly by The Igala’s until January 27 2016, where Kogi had its first Ebira Governor; His Excellency Alhaji Yahaya Adoza Bello.

Kogi as a Nigeria state have 21 Local government which are;  Ajaokuta, Adavi,Bassa, Igalamela-Odolu, Okehi,Olamaboro,Ankpa, Dekina, Ibaji, Idah, Ijumu, Kabba, Koton Karfe, Lokoja, Mopa-Muro, Ofu, Ogori magongo,  Okene,  Omala, Yagba East, Yagba West.

Ebira people can be found in any part of Nigeria but their Origin remains ‘Okene’. Before the advent of Islam, Ebira people practiced a form of African traditional religion with a central focus on a god called ‘Ohomorihi’ which translates to the rain maker who lives in the sky. Different traditional rites are performed to appease the god whose attributes usually includes punishing evildoers and rewarding good people. 

HISTORY AND CULTURE OF THE PEOPLE OF EBIRA

The principle occupation of the ebira’s is agriculture.  They cultivate yam, maize and vegetables. The Ebira people are also known for weaving, crafts and Hair making. Several Ebira social life has seen phases of changes over the years, though farming is still a dominant occupation. Many Ebira are influenced by western and contemporary Nigerian culture and live in urban settlement. Even with the modernization in Ebira they still go back and stay in tracks with their preceding fathers and hold their yearly festival popularly known as “Ekuechi festival”  mostly held late November and ending in the late December or early January. in the course of that event the Ebira carnival is also organized and celebrated by them. 

The great  Ekuechi festival is  celebrated by masquerades that are believed to have access to the spirit world  where dead relatives abide. The festival also marks the end of the year and the beginning of a new one. A major masquerades is brought out to celebrate and cleanse the land but sadly this particular masquerade can’t be seen by Female as to avoid unforeseen circumstance which could sometimes leads  to barreness, critically ill or in the worst cases death. 



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